Further priorities and challenges are formulated in the hydraulic engineering sector. Above all, it is important to point out large investment needs in the area of port investments, waterways and flood protection projects. The government’s main objective concerning the development of infrastructure, transport and water management is to increase the handling capacity of three Polish seaports: Gdańsk, Gdynia and Świnoujście. The value of port investments over the next 10 years may reach PLN 20-25 billion. Some of the tasks will most likely be implemented in the public-private partnership formula. According to the “Assumptions for the development of inland waterways in Poland by 2020, with the projection by 2030”, the value of the investment projects aimed at developing water transport infrastructure for 2016-2030 exceeds PLN 77 billion. The investments in water transport are to be supported by an increase in investment on flood protection projects, which will obtain significant financial support from World Bank, among others.